Search This Blog

About 法界圣凡水陆普度大斋胜会 The Great Assembly to Liberate All Beings of Water and Land

Friday, August 6, 2010

Hanshan Temple - Buddhist Chants & Peace Music

I like this, so soothing and healing to listen, giving inner peace

Title : 寒山寺 Hanshan Temple

Album : Buddhist Chants Peace Music

Artists : Song Huei Liou, Jim Long Uen

Yuè      luò      wū        tí      shuāng       mǎn   tiān,

While I watch the moon go down, a crow caws through the frost;

Jiāng     fēng      yú      huǒ     duì        chóu     mián.

Under the shadows of maple-trees a fisherman moves with his torch;

Gū    sū    chéng    wài   Hánshán   Sì,

And I hear, from beyond Suzhou, from the temple on Cold Mountain,

Yè   bàn   zhōng     shēng   dào   kè    chuán.

Ringing for me, here in my boat, the midnight bell.

" English Translation of the beautiful Poem" in blue text

Listern here

Hanshan Temple (Chinese: 寒山寺; pinyin: Hánshān Sì); literally "Cold Mountain Temple", is a Buddhist temple and monastery in Suzhou, China. It is located at the town of Fengqiao (lit. Maple Bridge), about 5 kilometres west of the old city of Suzhou.

Traditionally, Hanshan Temple is believed to have been founded during the Tianjian era (502-519) of the reign of Emperor Wu of Liang, in the Southern and Northern Dynasties period. The current name of the monastery derives from Hanshan, the legendary monk and poet. Hanshan and his disciple Shide are said to have come to the monastery during the reign of Emperor Taizong of Tang (627-649), where Hanshan became the abbot

The poem is still popularly read in China, Japan and Korea. It is part of the primary school curriculum in both China and Japan.

The ringing of the bell at Hanshan Temple on Chinese New Year eve is a major pilgrimage and tourism event for visitors from these countries.

The bell

Two bells are currently used at Hanshan Temple, both dating from the late Qing Dynasty when the temple was last rebuilt. One was forged in China in 1906, and the other was forged in Japan at around the same time. The dedication on the bell was written by Japanese Prime Minister Itō Hirobumi. The original Tang Dynasty bell is believed by some (including Itō Hirobumi and modern Chinese statesman Kang Youwei) to have been taken to Japan in ancient times. These two factors have roused some nationalistic controversy among Chinese and Koreans (see, for example, this opinion).

A new 108 tonne bell commissioned by Hanshan Temple and built by a foundry in Wuhan was completed recently, and is on its way to Hanshan Temple to replace the hundred years old Japanese built bell.

 The new bell is 8.5 meters high and 5.2 meters in diameter at its widest.[citation needed

extracted from : wikipedi

Hanshan Temple Legend

Built in the Liang period (502-557) of the Southern Dynasty, Hanshan Temple sits at Fengqiao Town of Suzhou, Jiangsu Province. Originally named Miaolipumingta, the temple was later given its present name because Han Shan, an eminent monk in the Tang Dynasty (618-907), had lived there.

The temple compound is a scene of luxuriant green creating a secluded atmosphere. The buildings in it are in an unadorned and natural style. In the center of the compound stands Mahavira Hall. Behind the hall stretches a wooden corridor, at the end of which stands a small tower with a wall behind and a stream in front. Hanshan Temple has been famous since the Tang Dynasty. It owes its eminence to a poem entitled "Mooring for the Night at Fengqiao Bridge" by Zhang Ji (A Tang Dynasty poet) as well as the toll of the bell in the temple. The line of the poem "a toll is resounding at midnight" makes the temple an appeal to many people and the toll is said to have been the way for Han Shan and his apprentice Shi De to communicate their lingering affection for each other.

According to a legend, a couple lived in Qingfeng Village at the foot of Mount Tai in the- Tang Dynasty. They had no sons, but had an apprentice by the name of Shi De. The couple loved him very much as for he was clever and deft. One early morning Han Shan, husband, left home on business. His wife, immediately after he went out, put a cotton-padded quilt on Shi De sleeping in bed as she thought he might catch cold in the cold weather. She had not expected that her talking with Shi De in the latter's bedroom was heard by her husband who hurried back home for his money purse left behind. Han Shan stood dumbfounded outside the-house thinking to himself, "Oh,my wife is having an affair with...... It would be advisable to let them do what they want as a family scandal is not to be spread." Hence he quietly left  with a brief note left to Shi De.

The apprentice realized that his master misunderstood him when he read the note. So he bid farewell to the wife of his master and looked for his master to clear up the misundetstanding. Eating poor food and sleeping in the open,Shi De traveled many places looking for Han Shan, but in vain. One day twenty years later, he came wandering to Fengqiao Bridge at Fengqiao Town and requested the abbot of the temple there to allow him in to take shelter from rain. While saluting,Shi De found the abbot none other than his master he had been looking for over the twenty years. With mixed feelings of surprise and joy,they both poured their hearts.Han Shan said that he had trekked from north to south and at last settled down in the temple. At the same time he blamed his apprentice for deserting his wife. Han Shan , however,realized that he had wronged his apprentice when the latter told the true story. Unwilling to be away from his master,Shi De became a monk in the temple too.

The following year saw a disastrous rainstorm, leaving the vast land into an expanse of water. On the day it cleared up, a timehonored and huge bronze bell floated to the temple gate. It was so odd that the bell did not have a single drop of water in though its mouth was skyward. All the monks, fascinated, remarked that it must be a divine bell bestowed by Heaven. Han Shan asked the monks to take it out of water. The bell, however, stood absolutely still no matter how hard the monks tried. Aware that nothing better could be done to take the bell ashore, Shi De hastily pulled up a bamboo from the garden behind the temple and,with the aid of its elastic force, jumped into the bell as if he made a pole vault. Instantly the bell floated away due east, and increasingly faster at that. Burning with anxiety, Han Shan kept calling his apprentice. Shi De's responding voices were getting fainter and fainter as the bell was moviing farther and farther. Finally the bell got out of sight rice, breed silkworms and cultivate hemp. Though he was hence held in respect by the locals, Shi De never stopped. thinking of his native land and his master as well.

While his apprentice was away Han Shan, anxiety-torn, stood outside the temple all day long calling him back. The other monks, on pins and needles at the sight, thought out a solution of tracing Shi De by striking a bell; They asked craftsmen to cast a huge bell exactly like the one that had carried Shi De away. Han Shan regularly tolled it day and night. The booming sounds reached Japan far away. Realizing that the sounds were made by his master to call him, Shi De tolled the bell which had carried him across the sea in response. It was very strange that the sounds also reached the temple at Fengqiao Bridge. In this way the master and apprentice communicated their feelings of attachment. Later the, temple was renamed Hanshan in praise of the two who had so great an attachment to each other.

No comments:

Post a Comment